In film and television, a production designer (PD) is the person responsible for the overall visual look of the production. Production designers have a key creative role in the creation of motion pictures and television. Working directly with the director, cinematographer, and producer, they must select the settings and style to visually tell the story. The term production designer was coined by William Cameron Menzies while he was working on the film Gone with the Wind. Previously (and often subsequently) the people with the same responsibilities were called art directors. It is sometimes also described as scenic design or set design.
Societies and trade organizations
In the United States and British Columbia, production designers are represented by the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees local 800, the Art Directors Guild. The production design credit must be requested by the producer, prior to completion of photography, and submitted to the Art Directors Guild Board of Directors for the credit approval. In the rest of Canada, production designers are represented by the Director's Guild of Canada. In the United Kingdom members of the art department are represented by the non-union British Film Designers Guild who hold yearly awards to celebrate their members work.
- Preston, Ward (1994). What an Art Director Does: An Introduction to Motion Picture Production Design. Los Angeles: Silman-James Press. ISBN 978-1-879505-18-6.
- Rizzo, Michael (2015). The Art Direction Handbook for Film & Television (2nd ed.). New York: Focal Press. ISBN 978-1-315-77087-1.
- Barnwell, Jane (2004). Production Design: Architects of the Screen. London: Wallflower. ISBN 978-1-903364-55-0.
- Block, Bruce (2001). The Visual Story: Seeing the Structure of Film, TV, and New Media. Boston: Focal Press. ISBN 978-0-240-80467-5.
- Ede, Laurie N. (2010). British Film Design: A History. London: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84-885108-5.
- Katz, Ephraim (2005). The Film Encyclopedia (5th ed.). New York: Collins. ISBN 978-0-06-074214-0.
- Tast, Hans-Jürgen, ed. (2005). Anton Weber (1904–1979): Filmarchitekt bei der UFA. Schellerten, Germany: Kulleraugen. ISBN 978-3-88842-030-6.