List of Nobel laureates affiliated with Stanford University

The Hoover Tower in Stanford University. As of October 2019, 83 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with the university.

This list of Nobel laureates affiliated with Stanford University comprehensively shows the alumni, faculty members as well as researchers of Stanford University who were awarded the Nobel Prize or the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prizes, established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel, are awarded to individuals who make outstanding contributions in the fields of Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine.[1] An associated prize, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (commonly known as the Nobel Prize in Economics), was instituted by Sweden's central bank, Sveriges Riksbank, in 1968 and first awarded in 1969.[2]

As of October 2019, 83 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with Stanford University, and 49 of them are officially listed as "Stanford's Nobel Laureates" by the university.[3] Among the 83 laureates, 13 are Stanford alumni (graduates and attendees), and 46 have been long-term academic members of the Stanford faculty or Stanford-affiliated research organizations. Subject-wise, 26 laureates have won the Nobel Prize in Physics and in Economics, respectively, more than any other subject. In particular, Linus Pauling is the only Stanford-affiliated Nobel laureate (Professor of Chemistry) who have won two Nobel prizes: he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1962;[4] since this is a list of laureates, not prizes, he is counted only once.

Inclusion criteria

General rules

Stanford University.

The university affiliations in this list are all official academic affiliations such as degree programs and official academic employment. Non-academic affiliations such as advisory committee and administrative staff are generally excluded. The official academic affiliations fall into three categories: 1) Alumni (graduates and attendees), 2) Long-term Academic Staff, and 3) Short-term Academic Staff. Graduates are defined as those who hold Bachelor's, Master's, Doctorate, or equivalent degrees from Stanford, while attendees are those who formally enrolled in a degree program at Stanford but did not complete the program; thus, honorary degrees, posthumous degrees, summer attendees, exchange students, and auditing students are excluded. The category of "Long-term Academic Staff" consists of tenure/tenure-track and equivalent academic positions, while that of "Short-term Academic Staff" consists of lecturers (without tenure), postdoctoral researchers (postdocs), visiting professors/scholars (visitors), and equivalent academic positions. At Stanford, the specific academic title solely determines the type of affiliation, regardless of the actual time the position was held by a laureate.

Further explanations on "visitors" under "Short-term Academic Staff" are presented as follows. 1) All informal or personal visits are excluded from the list; 2) all employment-based visiting positions, which carry teaching/research duties, are included as affiliations in the list; 3) as for award/honor-based visiting positions, to minimize controversy this list takes a conservative view and includes the positions as affiliations only if the laureates were required to assume employment-level duty (teaching/research) or the laureates specifically classified the visiting positions as "affiliation" or similar in reliable sources such as their curriculum vita. In particular, attending meetings and giving public lectures, talks or non-curricular seminars at Stanford is not a form of employment-level duty. Finally, summer visitors are generally excluded from the list unless summer work yielded significant end products such as research publications and components of Nobel-winning work, since summer terms are not part of formal academic years.

Some visitors and staff not qualified as official academic affiliates
Name Noble Prize Year Role in Stanford University
Paul D. Boyer Chemistry 1997 War-time researcher for World War II (1943-1945)[5]

Affiliated organizations

Affiliates of Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (1962–2008) and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (2008– ) are included in this list.[6][7]

Affiliates of Hoover Institution are included in the list.[8]

Summary

In the following list, the number following a person's name is the year they received the prize; in particular, a number with asterisk (*) means the person received the award while they were working at the institution (including emeritus staff) containing that asterisk. A name underlined implies that this person has already been listed in a previous category (i.e., multiple affiliations).

Alumni Long-term academic staff Short-term academic staff
Physics (26)
  1. Carl Wieman - 2001
  2. Eric Cornell - 2001
  3. Richard E. Taylor - 1990
  1. Theodor Hänsch - 2005
  2. Carl Wieman- 2001
  3. Robert Laughlin - 1998*
  4. Steven Chu - 1997*
  5. Douglas Osheroff - 1996*
  6. Martin Perl - 1995*
  7. Henry W. Kendall - 1990
  8. Richard E. Taylor - 1990*
  9. Melvin Schwartz - 1988
  10. Arthur Schawlow - 1981*
  11. Sheldon Glashow - 1979
  12. Burton Richter - 1976*
  13. Robert Hofstadter - 1961*
  14. William Shockley - 1956
  15. Willis Lamb - 1955*
  16. Felix Bloch - 1952*
  1. Serge Haroche - 2012
  2. Gerard 't Hooft - 1999
  3. Martinus Veltman - 1999
  4. Henry W. Kendall - 1990
  5. Jerome I. Friedman - 1990
  6. Gerd Binnig - 1986
  7. Kenneth G. Wilson - 1982
  8. Steven Weinberg - 1979
  9. John van Vleck - 1977
  10. Polykarp Kusch - 1955
Chemistry (13)
  1. Paul Modrich - 2015
  2. Roger Kornberg - 2006
  3. Barry Sharpless - 2001
  4. Dudley Herschbach - 1986
  1. William Moerner - 2014*
  2. Michael Levitt - 2013*
  3. Brian Kobilka - 2012*
  4. Roger Kornberg - 2006*
  5. Barry Sharpless - 2001
  6. Henry Taube - 1983*
  7. Paul Berg - 1980*
  8. Paul Flory - 1974*
  9. Linus Pauling - 1954
  1. M. Stanley Whittingham - 2019
  2. Robert Grubbs - 2005
  3. Barry Sharpless - 2001
Physiological or Medicine (16)
  1. Randy Schekman - 2013
  1. James Rothman - 2013
  2. Thomas Südhof - 2013*
  3. Andrew Fire - 2006*
  4. Ferid Murad - 1998
  5. Arthur Kornberg - 1959*
  6. Edward Tatum - 1958
  7. George Beadle- 1958
  8. Joshua Lederberg - 1958
  1. James P. Allison - 2018
  2. Michael W. Young- 2017
  3. Paul Lauterbur - 2003
  4. Leland Hartwell - 2001
  5. Werner Arber - 1978
  6. Baruch Blumberg - 1976
  7. Edward Tatum - 1958
  8. Thomas H. Morgan - 1933
Economics (26)
  1. Bengt Holmström - 2016
  2. Alvin Roth - 2012
  3. Oliver Williamson - 2009
  4. John Harsanyi - 1994
  1. Paul Romer - 2018
  2. Alvin Roth - 2012
  3. Thomas Sargent - 2011
  4. Paul Krugman - 2008
  5. Joseph Stiglitz - 2001
  6. Michael Spence - 2001*
  7. Robert Mundell - 1999
  8. Myron Scholes- 1997
  9. Douglass North- 1993
  10. Gary Becker - 1992
  11. William F. Sharpe - 1990*
  12. Milton Friedman- 1976
  13. Kenneth Arrow- 1972
  1. Richard Thaler - 2017
  2. Bengt Holmström - 2016
  3. Jean Tirole - 2014
  4. Lars P. Hansen - 2013
  5. Thomas Sargent - 2011
  6. Leonid Hurwicz - 2007
  7. Robert Aumann - 2005
  8. Finn Kydland - 2004
  9. Daniel Kahneman - 2002
  10. Vernon L. Smith - 2002
  11. Douglass North - 1993
  12. Tjalling Koopmans - 1975
  13. Friedrich Hayek - 1974
Literature (2)
  1. John Steinbeck - 1962
  1. J. M. Coetzee - 2003
Peace (1)
  1. Linus Pauling - 1962

Nobel laureates by category

Nobel laureates in Physics

No. Name Year Affiliation with Stanford University
26 Serge Haroche 2012 Postdoctoral Researcher[9]
25 Theodor Hänsch 2005 Professor[10]
24 Carl Wieman 2001 PhD; Professor[11]
23 Eric Cornell 2001 B.S.[12]
22 Martinus Veltman 1999 SLAC Visitor (1963)[13]
21 Gerard 't Hooft 1999 SLAC Visitor (September 1976 - February 1977)[14]
20 Robert Laughlin 1998 Professor[15]
19 Steven Chu 1997 Professor[16]
18 Douglas Osheroff 1996 Professor[17]
17 Martin Perl 1995 Professor[18]
16 Richard E. Taylor 1990 PhD; Professor[19]
15 Henry W. Kendall 1990 Assistant Professor; Research Associate[20]
14 Jerome I. Friedman 1990 Research Associate[21]
13 Melvin Schwartz 1988 Professor[22]
12 Gerd Binnig 1986 Visiting Professor (1985-1988)[23]
11 Kenneth G. Wilson 1982 SLAC Researcher[24]
10 Arthur Schawlow 1981 Professor[25]
9 Steven Weinberg 1979 Visiting Professor of Physics (1976-1977)[26]
8 Sheldon Glashow 1979 Assistant Professor[27]
7 John van Vleck 1977 Visiting Professor (1927, 1934, 1941)[28]
6 Burton Richter 1976 Professor[29]
5 Robert Hofstadter 1961 Professor[30]
4 William Shockley 1956 Professor[31]
3 Willis Lamb 1955 Professor[32]
2 Polykarp Kusch 1955 Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences (1964-1965)[33]
1 Felix Bloch 1952 Professor[34]

Nobel laureates in Chemistry

No. Name Year Affiliation with Stanford University
13 M. Stanley Whittingham 2019 Postdoctoral Researcher (1968-1972)[35]
12 Paul Modrich 2015 PhD[36]
11 William Moerner 2014 Professor[37]
10 Michael Levitt 2013 Professor[38]
9 Brian Kobilka 2012 Professor[39]
8 Roger Kornberg 2006 PhD; Professor[40]
7 Robert Grubbs 2005 Postdoctoral Researcher[41]
6 Barry Sharpless 2001 PhD; Professor; Postdoctoral Researcher[42]
5 Dudley Herschbach 1986 B.S, M.S[43]
4 Henry Taube 1983 Professor[44]
3 Paul Berg 1980 Professor[45]
2 Paul Flory 1974 Professor[46]
1 Linus Pauling 1954 Professor[47]

Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine

No. Name Year Affiliation with Stanford University
16 James P. Allison 2018 Visiting Scholar, Department of Pathology (1983-1984)[48]
15 Michael W. Young 2017 Postdoctoral Researcher[49]
14 Thomas Südhof 2013 Professor[50]
13 Randy Schekman 2013 PhD[51]
12 James Rothman 2013 Professor[52]
11 Andrew Fire 2006 Professor[53]
10 Paul Lauterbur 2003 Researcher, Department of Chemistry (1969-1970)[54]
9 Leland Hartwell 2001 Visitor (1983)[55]
8 Ferid Murad 1998 Professor[56]
7 Werner Arber 1978 Visiting Researcher (1959), Dept. of Genetics (with Joshua Lederberg)[57][58]
6 Baruch Blumberg 1976 Visiting Professor (1997), taught courses in Medical Anthropology and Scientific Process[59]
5 Arthur Kornberg 1959 Professor[60]
4 Edward Tatum 1958 Professor; Research Associate[61]
3 Joshua Lederberg 1958 Professor[62]
2 George Beadle 1958 Professor[63]
1 Thomas H. Morgan 1933 Visitor (1920-1921)[64][65]

Nobel Peace Prize laureates

No. Name Year Affiliation with Stanford University
1 Linus Pauling[a] 1962 Professor[47]

Nobel laureates in Literature

No. Name Year Affiliation with Stanford University
2 J. M. Coetzee 2003 Visiting Professor of English (Spring 2002), Isaac and Madeline Stein Visiting Writer (Spring 2004), taught a course on creative writing[66]
1 John Steinbeck 1962 Undergraduate Attendee[67]

Nobel Memorial Prize laureates in Economics

No. Name Year Affiliation with Stanford University
26 Paul Romer 2018 Professor[68]
25 Richard Thaler 2017 Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences (January 1998-June 1998),  Visiting Scholar (June 1977-August 1978)[69]
24 Bengt Holmström 2016 M.S, PhD; Visiting Professor (1985-1986, 2010)[70]
23 Jean Tirole 2014 Visiting Scholar (Spring 1983)[71]
22 Lars P. Hansen 2013 Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Business (1989-1990)[72]
21 Alvin Roth 2012 M.S, PhD; Professor[73]
20 Thomas Sargent 2011 Professor; Visiting Scholar (August 1985 – March 1987), Hoover Institution[74]
19 Oliver Williamson 2009 M.B.A[75]
18 Paul Krugman 2008 Professor[76]
17 Leonid Hurwicz 2007 Visiting Professor and Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences (1955), Visiting Professor (1958)[77]
16 Robert Aumann 2005 Visiting Professor (1975-1976, 1980-1981)[78]
15 Finn Kydland 2004 National Fellow, Hoover Institution (1982-1983)[79]
14 Vernon L. Smith 2002 Visiting Professor (1961-1962)[80]
13 Daniel Kahneman 2002 Visiting Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (1977-1978)[81]
12 Joseph Stiglitz 2001 Professor[82]
11 Michael Spence 2001 Professor[83]
10 Robert Mundell 1999 Faculty member[84]
9 Myron Scholes 1997 Professor[85]
8 John Harsanyi 1994 PhD[86]
7 Douglass North 1993 Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution; Visiting Associate Professor (Winter 1958)[87][88]
6 Gary Becker 1992 Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution[89]
5 William F. Sharpe 1990 Professor[90]
4 Milton Friedman 1976 Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution[91]
3 Tjalling Koopmans 1975 Visitor, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (1968-1969) [92]
2 Friedrich Hayek 1974 Visiting Professor (1946)[93][94]
1 Kenneth Arrow 1972 Professor[95]

Notes

  1. ^ This Nobel laureate received two Nobel Prizes. Counted only once because this is a list of laureates, not prizes.

References

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