List of colonial governors of the Marshall Islands

German map of the protectorate (Schutzgebiet) of the Marshall Islands, 1897.
German administrative map of the Marshall Islands, 1897.
Marshall Islands District Administration (Distad) Office, 1978.

This article lists the colonial governors of the Marshall Islands, from the establishment of the German colonial presence during the 1885 Carolines Question[1][2][3] (as part of German New Guinea), through the American capture of the islands during World War II, until the official establishment of the autonomous Government of the Marshall Islands in 1979 (within the American-administered TTPI).

List

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
Kommissar (1885–1886)
1885 to 1886 No image.svg Gustav von Oertzen
Kaiserlicher Kommissare (Imperial commissioners, 1886–1894)
1886 to 5 October 1887 Wilhelm Knappe.JPG Wilhelm Knappe
5 October 1887 to 29 March 1889 No image.svg Franz Leopold Sonnenschein Acting to 14 April 1888
29 March 1889 to 14 April 1890 Eugen Brandeis Typhoon19053.gif Eugen Brandeis First time, acting
14 April 1890 to February 1892 No image.svg Friedrich Louis Max Biermann
February 1892 to 1893 Eugen Brandeis Typhoon19053.gif Eugen Brandeis Second time, acting
1893 to 1894 No image.svg Ernst Schmidt-Dargitz
Landeshauptleute (State captains, 1894–1914)
11 May 1894 to March 1898 No image.svg Georg Irmer
24 March 1898 to 18 January 1906 Eugen Brandeis Typhoon19053.gif Eugen Brandeis Acting to 22 February 1900
18 March 1902 to 1903 No image.svg Waldemar von Bunsen Acting for Brandeis
1903 No image.svg Konrad Geppert Acting for Brandeis
18 January 1906 to May 1906 No image.svg Ludwig Kaiser Acting
1 April 1906 to 3 October 1914 Wappen Deutsches Reich - Reichsadler 1889.svg the governors of German New Guinea
Bezirksamtleute (District magistrates, 1906–1911)
1906 to 30 April 1907 No image.svg Victor Berg
1907 No image.svg Joseph Siegwanz Acting
1908 to November 1909 No image.svg Wilhelm Stuckhardt
November 1909 to 1910 No image.svg Erich Berghausen Interim
1910 to 1911 No image.svg Georg Merz
Stationsleiter (Station chief, 1911–1914)
1911 to 3 October 1914 No image.svg Georg Merz Deported by the Japanese on 31 May 1915
Commanders of IJN South Seas Squadrons (1914)
3 October 1914 to 28 December 1914 Yamaya Tanin.jpg Yamaya Tanin In occupation of central and eastern Caroline Islands (from 3 October 1914) and Marshall Islands
7 October 1914 to 28 December 1914 Matsumura Tatsuo.jpg Matsumura Tatsuo In occupation of Palau island (from 8 October 1914), western Caroline Islands and northern Mariana Islands (from 14 October 1914)
Governors (1914–1944)
28 December 1914 to 2 February 1944 Emblem of the South Pacific Mandate.svg the governors of the South Pacific Mandate
Commanders of the IJN 6th Fleet Forces Service (1941–1944)
(on Kwajalein Atoll)
15 January 1941 to 1 February 1942 No image.svg Sukeyoshi Yatsushirō
5 February 1942 to 29 November 1943 Koso Abe.jpg Kōsō Abe
29 November 1943 to 25 January 1944 Akiyama Monzō.jpg Monzo Akiyama Killed in the Battle of Kwajalein
USN Military Governors (1944–1947)
February 1944 to 18 July 1947 No image.svg the Commanders Naval Forces Marianas
Marshall Islands District Administrators (Distad, 1947–1979)
September 1947 to September 1948 No image.svg Chester E. Herrick
December 1948 to December 1949 No image.svg Edward F. Ferguson
March 1950 to September 1950 No image.svg Roland W. Kenney
December 1950 to June 1951 No image.svg Frank W. Avila
1951 to 1954 No image.svg Donald W. Gilfillan
1954 to 1960 No image.svg Maynard Neas
1960 to 1961 No image.svg William E. Finale
27 May 1961 to 1965 Peter Tali Coleman.jpg Peter Tali Coleman
15 October 1965 to 1969 No image.svg Dwight Heine
1969 to 1970 No image.svg Robert D. Law
1970 to 1979 No image.svg Oscar DeBrum

On 1 May 1979, Marshall Islands achieved autonomy within the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI). For a list of heads of state after autonomy, see President of the Marshall Islands.

References

  1. ^ Spenneman, Dirk H.R. (1885). "Marshall Islands History Sources No. 18, Treaty of friendship between the Marshallese chiefs and the German Empire (1885)". Charles Sturt University (in Marshallese, German, and English). Digital Micronesia-An Electronic Library & Archive. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  2. ^ Spenneman, Dirk H.R. (2003). "German Protectorate Period". Marshallese Manit. Marshall Islands Visitors Authority. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  3. ^ Hezel, Francis X. (2003) Strangers in Their Own Land: A Century of Colonial Rule in the Caroline and Marshall Islands, University of Hawaii Press, pp. 45–46, ISBN 0824828046.

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