List of African-American newspapers in Missouri

A front page of the Kansas City Sun from 1914.

This is a list of African-American newspapers that have been published in the state of Missouri. It includes both current and historical newspapers.

The first known African-American newspaper in Missouri was the Welcome Friend of St. Louis, which was in circulation by 1870.[1] Yet the first surviving issue of any such newspaper dates from 20 years later in 1890, when the sole surviving issue of The American Negro of Springfield was published.[2]

At least 64 African-American newspapers have been published in Missouri over the years, although the actual number is likely to be much higher.[2] Of that 64, 55 were established between 1875 and 1920.[2] Most of the publishing activity has been concentrated in the St. Louis and Kansas City metropolitan areas, but many smaller cities and towns have had such newspapers as well.[2]

Notable current African-American newspapers in Missouri include the St. Louis Sentinel, St. Louis American, and Kansas City Globe.

Newspapers

City Title Beginning End Frequency Call numbers Remarks
Caruthersville The Anchor 1911[3] or 1912[4] 1900s[4] Weekly[4]
  • LCCN sn89066390
  • OCLC 19856062
  • Extant through at least 1921.[4]
  • Published by J.W.D. Mayes.[4]
Charleston The Charleston Spokesman 1934[5] ?[5] Weekly[5]
Columbia / Jefferson City The Professional World 1901[6] 1920s[6] or 1903?[7] Weekly[6]
Hannibal Home Protective Record 1909[8] ?[8] Weekly[8]
  • Published by Home Protective Association.[9]
  • Extant through at least 1914.[9]
Hannibal Hannibal Register / Missouri State Register[10] 1919[11] 1941[11] Weekly
  • Published by George H. Wright.[11]
Joplin The Joplin Advance 1895[12] 1800s[12] Weekly[12]
  • Published by W.L. Yancey.[12]
Joplin Joplin-Springfield Uplift (1920s–1933)[13] / Joplin Uplift 1926?[14] ?[14] Weekly[14]
  • Published by Augustus Garvin Tutt.[13]


Kansas City Kansas City American 1928[15] 1936[15] Weekly[15]
  • A Kansas edition was published as the Kansas American in Topeka.[16]
Kansas City Call / Kansas City Call (1922–1933) 1919[17] [17] Weekly[17]
Kansas City Greater Kansas City Community Challenger 1970s[18] ?[18] Weekly[18]
  • Extant through at least 1976.[18]
Kansas City The Kansas City Globe 1972[19] current Weekly[19]
Kansas City The Inter-State Herald 1903[20] ?[20] Weekly[20]
  • Published by H.R. Pinckney.[20]
Kansas City The Liberator 1901[21] 1910[22] Weekly[21]
  • Published by H.R. Pinckney.[21]


Kansas City Missouri State Post 1986[23] ? Weekly[23]
  • Edited by Samuel Jordan.[23]
  • Extant through at least 1996.[23]
  • Published at times in Kansas City, Kansas.[24]
Kansas City Kansas City Observer 1896[25] 1901[25] Weekly[25]
  • Edited and published by L.C. Williams.[25]
Kansas City The Rising Son 1896[26] 1918[26] Weekly[26]
Kansas City The Kansas City Searchlight 1908[27] ?[27] Weekly[27]
  • Official newspaper of the Missouri United Brothers of Friendship and Sisters of the Mysterious Ten.[27]
Kansas City The Kansas City Sun 1908[28] 1924[28] Weekly[28]
Kansas City The Kansas City Sun 1908[29] 1924?[29] Weekly[29]


Macon Missouri Messenger 1894[30] 1900[30] Weekly[30]
  • Published by the Missouri Baptist State Convention.[30]


Sedalia The Sedalia Sun 1882[31] 1880s[31] Weekly[31]
  • Published by A.H. Lee[31]
Sedalia The Sedalia Times 1893[32] or 1894[33] 1905[32] Weekly[32]
  • Earliest Missouri African-American newspaper of which an extended run of issues survives.[34]
Sedalia Sedalia Weekly Conservator 1903[35] 1909[35] Weekly[35]
  • Available online
  • Published at George R. Smith College "by William H. Huston and C. M. English until 1905 at which time Huston became the sole proprietor and publisher."[35]
Sikeston The Southeast Missouri World 1939[36] ?[36] Weekly[36]


Sikeston Southern Sun 1954[37] 1954[38] Twice monthly[37]
  • Edited by C. Coolidge Brown.[37]
Springfield The American Negro 1890[39] 1890[39] Weekly[39]
  • Earliest Missouri African-American newspaper of which any issues survive.[34]
St. Louis St. Louis Advance 1881[40] or 1887?[41] 1908[40] Weekly[40]
  • Published by P.H. Murray[40]
St. Louis The African-American News World 1991?[42] ?[42] Quarterly[42]


St. Louis The American Eagle 1894[43] 1907[43] Weekly[43]
  • Official newspaper of the Missouri Knights of Pythias.[44]
St. Louis The St. Louis American 1927[45] current Weekly[45]
St. Louis The St. Louis Argus 1912[46] ?[46] Weekly[46]


St. Louis St. Louis Call 1936?[47] ?[47] Weekly[47]
St. Louis St. Louis Clarion 1900s[48] 1900s[48] Weekly[48]
  • Extant from 1920–1921.[49]


St. Louis Cooperative Citizen 1937?[50] ?[50] Weekly[50]
  • Edited by George L. Vaughn.[50]
St. Louis The Crusader 1963?[51] ?[51] Weekly[51]
  • Extant from 1975–1977.[51]
St. Louis The Evening Whirl 1938[52] current Weekly[52]
St. Louis Limelight Magazine 1986[53] current Monthly newspaper[53]


St. Louis Negro World 1875[1] ?[1]
  • Frequently credited as the first African-American newspaper in Missouri.[54]
  • Published by J.W. Wilson.[55]
  • In existence through at least 1887.[55]
St. Louis New National Baptist Voice 1915[56] current Has varied from twice monthly to semiannual.[56] Currently quarterly.
St. Louis The St. Louis Palladium / The Palladium (–1903)[57] 1884[58] 1911[58] Weekly[58]
St. Louis People's Guide 1966?[59] ?[59] Weekly[59]
St. Louis St. Louis Sentinel / St. Louis Metro Sentinel 1968[60] Weekly[60]
  • Founder and original editor and publisher: Howard B. Woods.[61]
St. Louis Welcome Friend 1870?[1] ?[1]
  • Published by local civic leader Charlton Tandy.[62]
St. Louis Western Messenger ? 1917[34] Weekly[63]
  • Official organ of the Missouri Negro Baptist Convention.[34]
St. Louis St. Louis Whirl-Examiner 1938[64] current[64] Weekly[64]
  • Published by Kevin G. Thomas[64]

Works cited

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Smith 2012, p. 409.
  2. ^ a b c d Slavens 1983, p. 211.
  3. ^ Ayer 1922, p. 529.
  4. ^ a b c d e "About The anchor. (Caruthersville, Mo.) 1912–19??". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  5. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 144, ¶ 1500.
  6. ^ a b c "About The professional world. [online resource] (Columbia, Missouri) 1901-192?". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  7. ^ a b Danky & Hady 1998, p. 474, ¶ 4938.
  8. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 278, ¶ 2923.
  9. ^ a b "About Home protective record. (Hannibal, Mo.) 1909–19??". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  10. ^ Ayer 1922, p. 535.
  11. ^ a b c "Hannibal's African American Notables". Jim's Journey. Huck Finn Freedom Center. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  12. ^ a b c d "About The Joplin advance. [volume] (Joplin, Mo.) 1895-18??". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  13. ^ a b "About The Joplin-Springfield uplift. (Joplin, Mo.) 19??-1933". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  14. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 314, ¶ 3303.
  15. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 324, ¶ 3387.
  16. ^ "About The Kansas City American. (Kansas City, Mo.) 1928–1936". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  17. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 129, ¶ 1344.
  18. ^ a b c d "About Greater Kansas City community challenger. [volume] ([Kansas City, Mo.]) 197?-19??". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  19. ^ a b Danky & Hady 1998, p. 324, ¶ 3388.
  20. ^ a b c d Danky & Hady 1998, p. 304, ¶ 3208.
  21. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 336, ¶ 3525.
  22. ^ "About The liberator. (Kansas City, Mo.) 1901–1910". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  23. ^ a b c d Danky & Hady 1998, p. 371, ¶ 3873.
  24. ^ "About Missouri state post. (Kansas City, Kan.) 1986-current". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  25. ^ a b c d Danky & Hady 1998, p. 324, ¶ 3389.
  26. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 495, ¶ 5160.
  27. ^ a b c d Danky & Hady 1998, p. 324, ¶ 3390.
  28. ^ a b c d "About The Kansas City sun. (Kansas City, Mo.) 1908–1924". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  29. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 324, ¶ 3391.
  30. ^ a b c d Danky & Hady 1998, p. 371, ¶ 3872.
  31. ^ a b c d "About The Sedalia sun. (Sedalia, Mo.) 1882-188?". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  32. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 508, ¶ 5302.
  33. ^ "About The Sedalia times. [online resource] (Sedalia, Mo.) 1894-1905". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  34. ^ a b c d Slaven 1983, p. 212.
  35. ^ a b c d "About Sedalia weekly conservator. (Sedalia, Mo.) 1903–1909". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  36. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 525, ¶ 5484.
  37. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 529, ¶ 5524.
  38. ^ "About Southern sun. (Sikeston, Mo.) 1954–1954". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  39. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 41, ¶ 418.
  40. ^ a b c d "About St. Louis advance. (St. Louis, Mo.) 1881–1908". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  41. ^ Danky & Hady 1998, p. 538, ¶ 5610.
  42. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 19, ¶ 190.
  43. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 40, ¶ 409.
  44. ^ "About The American eagle. [online resource] (St. Louis) 1894-19??". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  45. ^ a b Danky & Hady 1998, p. 538, ¶ 5611.
  46. ^ a b c "About The St. Louis argus. [microfilm reel] (St. Louis, Mo.) 1912-????". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  47. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 539, ¶ 5613.
  48. ^ a b c "About St. Louis clarion. [online resource] (St. Louis, Mo.) 19??-19??". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  49. ^ "About The St. Louis clarion. [volume] (St. Louis, Mo.) 19??-19??". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  50. ^ a b c d Danky & Hady 1998, p. 174, ¶ 1814.
  51. ^ a b c d Danky & Hady 1998, p. 181, ¶ 1888.
  52. ^ a b Danky & Hady 1998, p. 216, ¶ 2254.
  53. ^ a b Danky & Hady 1998, p. 340, ¶ 3569.
  54. ^ Perry, Earnest; Edmondson, Aimee (2008). "The African American Press". In Winfield, Betty Houchin (ed.). Journalism 1908: Birth of a Profession. p. 310.
  55. ^ a b Rowell's American Newspaper Directory. 1887. p. 1122.
  56. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 410, ¶ 4270.
  57. ^ "About St. Louis palladium. [online resource] (St. Louis, Mo.) 1903-19??". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.
  58. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 539, ¶ 5616.
  59. ^ a b c Danky & Hady 1998, p. 459, ¶ 4786.
  60. ^ a b Danky & Hady 1998, p. 539, ¶ 5614.
  61. ^ "About St. Louis metro sentinel. [volume] (St. Louis, Mo.) 1971-current". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-14.
  62. ^ Proceedings of the Colored People's Educational Convention, Held in Jefferson City, Missouri, Jan., 1870. 1870. p. 22. On motion, it was voted that this Convention recommend the newspaper entitled the Welcome Friend, published in St. Louis by Mr. C. H. Tandy, to the friendly consideration of a discerning public.
  63. ^ "About The Western messenger. (Jefferson City, Mo.) 19??-192?". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-14.
  64. ^ a b c d "About St. Louis whirl-examiner. (St. Louis, Mo.) 1938-current". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2020-01-12.

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