Chilean Primera División

The Chilean Primera División (First Division) is the top tier league of the Chilean football league system. It is organized by the ANFP. The league is known as the Campeonato AFP PlanVital for sponsorship reasons.

Format

As of the 2015–16 season, 16 teams compete in the league, which is split into Apertura and Clausura tournaments.[2]

Relegation and promotion

Currently, the two teams with the worst scores in the complete season (including Apertura and Clausura, but excluding the play-off stage), are relegated to Primera B, and replaced by the Champions and Runners-up of this Division. There is also a Relegation Playoff Tournament, played in a home-and-away basis by the teams that finish 15º and 16° in the First Division against the teams that finish 3° and 4° in the Primera B.

Qualification for international competitions

The champions of the Apertura and Clausura of each season are immediately qualified to Copa Libertadores for the next year. The third Chilean spot in that tournament is used by the team with the highest score in the Clausura regular phase (that is, excluding the play-offs).

History

Professionalism

In 1933, eight big clubs at that time, namely, Unión Española, Badminton, Colo-Colo, Audax Italiano, Green Cross, Morning Star, Magallanes and Santiago National, founded the Liga Profesional de Football de Santiago (LPF) on May 31, 1933. The newly formed body was recognized by the Federación de Fútbol de Chile on June 2, 1933.

The first edition of professional competition was contested by the eight founding teams and was won by Magallanes after defeating Colo-Colo in a decisive match. In the following year, according to the disposition of Federación de Fútbol de Chile, Liga Profesional returned to integrate with the AFS. As part of the negotiations for reunification, four teams from AFS, namely, Ferroviarios, Carlos Walker, Deportivo Alemán, and Santiago F.C., would join the 1934 professional competition. Moreover, it was also decided that the last six teams in the 1934 competition would be eliminated to form the new second division in 1935. The title of the expanded 1934 edition was again clinched by Magallanes, which won 10 out of the 11 matches that year.[3]

Current teams

There are 16 teams playing in the Primera División, as of the 2019 season.[4]

Club City Stadium Capacity
Audax Italiano Santiago Bicentenario de La Florida 12,000
Cobresal El Salvador El Cobre 12,000
Colo-Colo Santiago Monumental David Arellano 47,347
Coquimbo Unido Coquimbo Municipal Francisco Sánchez Rumoroso 18,750
Curicó Unido Curicó La Granja 8,000
Deportes Antofagasta Antofagasta Regional de Antofagasta 21,178
Deportes Iquique Iquique Municipal de Cavancha 3,500
Everton Viña del Mar Sausalito 22,360
Huachipato Talcahuano CAP 10,500
O'Higgins Rancagua El Teniente 13,849
Palestino Santiago Municipal de La Cisterna 8,000
Unión Española Santiago Santa Laura-Universidad SEK 19,000
Unión La Calera Calera Municipal Nicolás Chahuán Nazar 10,000
Universidad Católica Santiago San Carlos de Apoquindo 14,118
Universidad de Chile Santiago Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos 48,665
Universidad de Concepción Concepción Ester Roa 30,448

List of seasons

Seasons Champions Runners-up Leading goalscorer(s)[5]
1933 Magallanes (1) Colo-Colo Luis Carvallo (Colo-Colo; 9 goals)
1934 Magallanes (2) Audax Italiano Carlos Giuduce (Audax Italiano; 19 goals)
1935 Magallanes (3) Audax Italiano Aurelio Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 12 goals)
Guillermo Ogaz (Magallanes; 12 goals)
1936 Audax Italiano (1) Magallanes Hernán Bolaños (Audax Italiano; 14 goals)
1937 Colo-Colo (1) Magallanes Hernán Bolaños (Audax Italiano; 16 goals)
1938 Magallanes (4) Audax Italiano Gustavo Pizarro (Badminton; 17 goals)
1939 Colo-Colo (2) Santiago Morning Alfonso Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 32 goals)
1940 Universidad de Chile (1) Audax Italiano Victor Alonso (Universidad de Chile; 20 goals)
Pedro Valenzuela (Magallanes; 20 goals)
1941 Colo-Colo (3) Santiago Morning José Profetta (Santiago National; 19 goals)
1942 Santiago Morning (1) Magallanes Domingo Romo (Santiago Morning; 16 goals)
1943 Unión Española (1) Colo-Colo Luis Machuca (Unión Española; 17 goals)
Victor Mancilla Universidad Católica (17 goals)
1944 Colo-Colo (4) Audax Italiano Juan Alcantara (Audax Italiano; 19 goals)
Alfonso Domínguez (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
1945 Green Cross (1) Unión Española Ubaldo Cruche (Universidad de Chile; 17 goals)
Hugo Giorgi (Audax Italiano; 17 goals)
Juan Zarate (Green Cross; 17 goals)
1946 Audax Italiano (2) Magallanes Ubaldo Cruche (Universidad de Chile; 25 goals)
1947 Colo-Colo (5) Audax Italiano Apolonides Vera (Santiago National; 17 goals)
1948 Audax Italiano (3) Unión Española Juan Zarate (Audax Italiano; 22 goals)
1949 Universidad Católica (1) Santiago Wanderers Mario Lorca (Unión Española; 20 goals)
1950 Everton (1) Unión Española Félix Díaz (Green Cross; 21 goals)
1951 Unión Española (2) Audax Italiano Rubén Aguilera (Santiago Morning; 21 goals)
Carlos Tello (Audax Italiano; 21 goals)
1952 Everton (2) Colo-Colo René Meléndez (Everton; 30 goals)
1953 Colo-Colo (6) Palestino Jorge Robledo (Colo-Colo; 26 goals)
1954 Universidad Católica (2) Colo-Colo Jorge Robledo (Colo-Colo; 25 goals)
1955 Palestino (1) Colo-Colo Nicolás Moreno (Green Cross; 27 goals)
1956 Colo-Colo (7) Santiago Wanderers Guillermo Villarroel (O'Higgins; 19 goals)
1957 Audax Italiano (4) Universidad de Chile Gustavo Albella (Green Cross; 27 goals)
1958 Santiago Wanderers (1) Colo-Colo Gustavo Albella (Green Cross; 23 goals)
Carlos Verdejo (La Serena; 23 goals)
1959 Universidad de Chile (2) Colo-Colo José Benito Rios (O'Higgins; 22 goals)
1960 Colo-Colo (8) Santiago Wanderers Juan Falcon (Palestino; 21 goals)
1961 Universidad Católica (3) Universidad de Chile Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 24 goals)
Honorino Landa (Unión Española; 24 goals)
1962 Universidad de Chile (3) Universidad Católica Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 34 goals)
1963 Colo-Colo (9) Universidad de Chile Luis Hernán Álvarez (Colo-Colo; 37 goals)
1964 Universidad de Chile (4) Universidad Católica Daniel Escudero (Everton; 25 goals)
1965 Universidad de Chile (5) Universidad Católica Héctor Scandolli (Rangers; 25 goals)
1966 Universidad Católica (4) Colo-Colo Carlos Campos (Universidad de Chile; 21 goals)
Felipe Bracamonte (Unión San Felipe; 21 goals)
1967 Universidad de Chile (6) Universidad Católica Eladio Zárate (Unión Española; 28 goals)
1968 Santiago Wanderers (2) Universidad Católica Carlos Reinoso (Audax Italiano; 21 goals)
1969 Universidad de Chile (7) Rangers Eladio Zárate (Unión Española; 22 goals)
1970 Colo-Colo (10) Unión Española Osvaldo Castro (Deportes Concepción; 36 goals)
1971 Unión San Felipe (1) Universidad de Chile Eladio Zárate (Universidad de Chile; 25 goals)
1972 Colo-Colo (11) Unión Española Fernando Espinoza (Magallanes; 25 goals)
1973 Unión Española (3) Colo-Colo Guillermo Yávar (Unión Española; 21 goals)
1974 Huachipato (1) Palestino Julio Crisosto (Colo-Colo; 28 goals)
1975 Unión Española (4) Concepción Victor Pizarro (Santiago Morning; 27 goals)
1976 Everton (3) Unión Española Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 23 goals)
1977 Unión Española (5) Everton Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 34 goals)
1978 Palestino (2) Cobreloa Óscar Fabbiani (Palestino; 35 goals)
1979 Colo-Colo (12) Cobreloa Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 20 goals)
1980 Cobreloa (1) Universidad de Chile Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 26 goals)
1981 Colo-Colo (13) Cobreloa Victor Cabrera (San Luis; 20 goals)
Carlos Caszely (Colo-Colo; 20 goals)
Luis Marcoleta (Magallanes; 20 goals)
1982 Cobreloa (2) Colo-Colo Jorge Luis Siviero (Cobreloa; 18 goals)
1983 Colo-Colo (14) Cobreloa Washington Olivera (Cobreloa; 29 goals)
1984 Universidad Católica (5) Cobresal Victor Cabrera (Regional Atacama; 18 goals)
1985 Cobreloa (3) Everton Ivo Basay (Magallanes; 19 goals)
1986 Colo-Colo (15) Palestino Sergio Salgado (Cobresal; 18 goals)
1987 Universidad Católica (6) Colo-Colo Osvaldo Hurtado (Universidad Católica; 21 goals)
1988 Cobreloa (4) Cobresal Gustavo De Luca (Deportes La Serena; 18 goals)
Juan José Oré (Deportes Iquique; 18 goals)
1989 Colo-Colo (16) Universidad Católica Rubén Martínez (Cobresal; 25 goals)
1990 Colo-Colo (17) Universidad Católica Rubén Martínez (Colo-Colo; 22 goals)
1991 Colo-Colo (18) Coquimbo Unido Rubén Martínez (Colo-Colo; 23 goals)
1992 Cobreloa (5) Colo-Colo Aníbal González (Colo-Colo; 24 goals)
1993 Colo-Colo (19) Cobreloa Marco Antonio Figueroa (Cobreloa; 18 goals)
1994 Universidad de Chile (8) Universidad Católica Alberto Acosta (Universidad Católica; 33 goals)
1995 Universidad de Chile (9) Universidad Católica Gabriel Caballero (Deportes Antofagasta; 18 goals)
Aníbal González (Palestino; 18 goals)
1996 Colo-Colo (20) Universidad Católica Mario Véner (Santiago Wanderers; 30 goals)
1997 Apertura Universidad Católica (7) Colo-Colo David Bisconti (Universidad Católica; 15 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (21) Universidad Católica Richart Báez (Universidad de Chile; 10 goals)
Rubén Vallejos (Deportes Puerto Montt; 10 goals)
1998 Colo-Colo (22) Universidad de Chile Pedro González (Universidad de Chile; 23 goals)
1999 Universidad de Chile (10) Universidad Católica Mario Núñez (O'Higgins; 34 goals)
2000 Universidad de Chile (11) Cobreloa Pedro González (Universidad de Chile; 26 goals)
2001 Santiago Wanderers (3) Universidad Católica Héctor Tapia (Colo-Colo; 24 goals)
2002 Apertura Universidad Católica (8) Rangers Sebastián González (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (23) Universidad Católica Manuel Neira (Colo-Colo; 14 goals)
2003 Apertura Cobreloa (6) Colo-Colo Salvador Cabañas (Audax Italiano; 18 goals)
Clausura Cobreloa (7) Colo-Colo Gustavo Biscayzacú (Unión Española; 21 goals)
2004 Apertura Universidad de Chile (12) Cobreloa Patricio Galaz (Cobreloa; 23 goals)
Clausura Cobreloa (8) Unión Española Patricio Galaz (Cobreloa; 19 goals)
2005 Apertura Unión Española (6) Coquimbo Unido Joel Estay (Everton; 13 goals)
Álvaro Sarabia (Deportes Puerto Montt; 13 goals)
Héctor Mancilla (Huachipato; 13 goals)
Clausura Universidad Católica (9) Universidad de Chile Cristián Montecinos (Concepción; 13 goals)
Gonzalo Fierro (Colo-Colo; 13 goals)
César Díaz (Cobresal; 13 goals)
2006 Apertura Colo-Colo (24) Universidad de Chile Humberto Suazo (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (25) Audax Italiano Leonardo Monje (Universidad de Concepción; 17 goals)
2007 Apertura Colo-Colo (26) Universidad Católica Humberto Suazo (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (27) Universidad de Concepción Carlos Villanueva (Audax Italiano; 20 goals)
2008 Apertura Everton (4) Colo-Colo Lucas Barrios (Colo-Colo; 19 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (28) Palestino Lucas Barrios (Colo-Colo; 18 goals)
2009 Apertura Universidad de Chile (13) Unión Española Esteban Paredes (Santiago Morning; 17 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (29) Universidad Católica Diego Rivarola (Santiago Morning; 13 goals)
2010 Universidad Católica (10) Colo-Colo Milovan Mirosevic (Universidad Católica; 19 goals)
2011 Apertura Universidad de Chile (14) Universidad Católica Matías Urbano (Unión San Felipe; 12 goals)
Clausura Universidad de Chile (15) Cobreloa Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 14 goals)
2012 Apertura Universidad de Chile (16) O'Higgins Enzo Gutiérrez (O'Higgins; 11 goals)
Clausura Huachipato (2) Unión Española Sebastián Sáez (Audax Italiano; 13 goals)
2013 Unión Española (7) Universidad Católica Javier Elizondo (Deportes Antofagasta; 14 goals)
Sebastián Sáez (Audax Italiano; 14 goals)
2013–14 Apertura O'Higgins (1) Universidad Católica Luciano Vázquez (Ñublense; 11 goals)
Clausura Colo-Colo (30) Universidad Católica Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 16 goals)
2014–15 Apertura Universidad de Chile (17) Santiago Wanderers Esteban Paredes (Colo-Colo; 12 goals)
Clausura Cobresal (1) Colo-Colo Jean Paul Pineda (Unión La Calera; 11 goals)
Esteban Paredes (Colo Colo; 11 goals)
2015–16 Apertura Colo-Colo (31) Universidad Católica Marcos Riquelme (Palestino; 11 goals)
Clausura Universidad Católica (11) Colo-Colo Nicolás Castillo (Universidad Católica; 11 goals)
2016–17 Apertura Universidad Católica (12) Deportes Iquique Nicolás Castillo (Universidad Católica; 13 goals)
Clausura Universidad de Chile (18) Colo-Colo Felipe Mora (Universidad de Chile; 13 goals)
2017 Colo-Colo (32) Unión Española Bryan Carrasco (Audax Italiano; 10 goals)
2018 Universidad Católica (13) Universidad de Concepción Esteban Paredes (Colo Colo; 19 goals)

Source (not for goalscorers): rsssf.com[6]

Titles by club

Source:[7]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years Runners-up years
Colo-Colo 32 20 1937, 1939, 1941, 1944, 1947, 1953, 1956, 1960, 1963, 1970, 1972, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997 Clausura, 1998, 2002 Clausura, 2006 Apertura, 2006 Clausura, 2007 Apertura, 2007 Clausura, 2008 Clausura, 2009 Clausura, 2014 Clausura, 2015 Apertura, 2017 Transición 1933, 1943, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1973, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997 Apertura, 2003 Apertura, 2003 Clausura, 2008 Apertura, 2010, 2015 Clausura, 2016 Clausura, 2017 Clausura
Universidad de Chile 18 8 1940, 1959, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2004 Apertura, 2009 Apertura, 2011 Apertura, 2011 Clausura, 2012 Apertura, 2014 Apertura, 2017 Clausura 1957, 1961, 1963, 1971, 1980, 1998, 2005 Clausura, 2006 Apertura
Universidad Católica 13 21 1949, 1954, 1961, 1966, 1984, 1987, 1997 Apertura, 2002 Apertura, 2005 Clausura, 2010, 2016 Clausura, 2016 Apertura, 2018 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 Clausura, 1999, 2001, 2002 Clausura, 2007 Apertura, 2009 Clausura, 2011 Apertura, 2013 Transición, 2013 Apertura, 2014 Clausura, 2015 Apertura,
Cobreloa 8 8 1980, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1992, 2003 Apertura, 2003 Clausura, 2004 Clausura 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1993, 2000, 2004 Apertura, 2011 Clausura
Unión Española 7 10 1943, 1951, 1973, 1975, 1977, 2005 Apertura, 2013 Transición 1945, 1948, 1950, 1970, 1972, 1976, 2004 Clausura, 2009 Apertura, 2012 Clausura, 2017 Transición
Audax Italiano 4 8 1936, 1946, 1948, 1957 1934, 1935, 1938, 1940, 1944, 1947, 1951, 2006 Clausura
Magallanes 4 4 1933, 1934, 1935, 1938 1936, 1937, 1942, 1946
Everton 4 2 1950, 1952, 1976, 2008 Apertura 1977, 1985
Santiago Wanderers 3 4 1958, 1968, 2001 1949, 1956, 1960, 2014 Apertura
Palestino 2 4 1955, 1978 1953, 1974, 1986, 2008 Clausura
Huachipato 2 0 1974, 2012 Clausura
Santiago Morning 1 2 1942 1939, 1941
Cobresal 1 2 2015 Clausura 1984, 1988
O'Higgins 1 1 2013 Apertura 2012 Apertura
Green Cross 1 0 1945
Unión San Felipe 1 0 1971

References

  1. ^ [Los grandes récords del fútbol chileno], as chile, 25 Sep 2015
  2. ^ "Primera División". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  3. ^ Chilean League 1934
  4. ^ Karel Stokkermans (29 May 2016). "Chile 2015/16". RSSSF. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  5. ^ Andrés, Juan Pablo (December 11, 2009). "Chile – List of Topscorers". RSSSF.
  6. ^ Juan Pablo Andrés and Eric Boesenberg (11 December 2014). "Chile – List of Champions and Runners Up". RSSSF. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  7. ^ Juan Pablo Andrés and Eric Boesenberg (23 December 2015). "Chile - List of Champions and Runners Up". RSSSF. Retrieved 29 March 2016.

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