Álvaro da Costa

Casamento de Santo Aleixo (1541), pormenor de Álvaro da Costa (cropped).png

D. Álvaro da Costa (c. 1470–1540) was a Portuguese fidalgo, diplomat and close advisor to King Manuel I.

He is particularly well-remembered today for having filled the important court position of Chief Armourer of Portugal: the 1509 Livro do Armeiro-Mor (Book of the Chief Armourer), the most important Portuguese roll of arms in existence, is thus known for having been kept by Álvaro da Costa and his descendants. Also associated with him is the Da Costa Book of Hours, 1515, now in the Morgan Library and Museum in New York.[1]

Biography

The earliest known documental evidence of Álvaro da Costa's existence has him as a chamberlain to Manuel, Duke of Beja, in 1494. When the Duke inherited the throne in 1495, Álvaro da Costa remained in the King's retinue; in 1498 he is identified as a knight of the King's household, and accompanied the King and his pregnant wife Queen Isabella when they were sworn heirs presumptive of the Crown of Castile.[2]

At an unknown date, probably around the turn of the 16th century, Álvaro da Costa married Beatriz de Paiva. The marriage produced six children: Gil Eanes (1502), Duarte (1504), Manuel, Isabel, Ana, and Maria (1518). Initially, Beatriz de Paiva acted as wet nurse to John, Prince of Portugal, whose birth coincided with that of their eldest son Gil Eanes, however, she stopped lactating after having fallen ill.[2]

The tomb of Álvaro da Costa, Évora Museum

Álvaro da Costa also carried out important diplomatic activities on the King's behalf. It was Álvaro da Costa who, in 1506, brought King Manuel the first Golden Rose offered to him by Pope Julius II. In 1517, he was responsible for the secret negotiations for the King's third marriage, to Eleanor of Austria, in political circumstances of particular complexity; it was Álvaro da Costa who stood in for the King during the proxy wedding ceremony held in Zaragoza in 1518. He was entrusted with a final diplomatic mission in 1520: the negociations for the marriage of the King's daughter, Infanta Beatrice, to Charles III, Duke of Savoy.[2]

In 1539, Álvaro da Costa was elected Chairman (Provedor) of the Lisbon Holy House of Mercy.[2]

Álvaro da Costa died probably around August 1540.[2] He was buried in the Convent of Our Lady of Paradise, in Évora, in an elaborate Mannerist arcosolium sculpted still in Costa's lifetime by Nicolas Chantereine. When the convent was abandoned and later demolished in the 19th century, the funerary monument was moved to the future Évora Museum, where it still stands today.[3]

References

  1. ^ "Da Costa Hours". Morgan Library and Museum. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e Leme, Margarida (2018). Costas com Dom: Família e Arquivo (Séculos XV-XVII) [The 'Dom' Costas: Family and Archive (15th-17th Centuries)] (Doctoral thesis) (in Portuguese). Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  3. ^ Grilo, Fernando (2013). "D. Álvaro da Costa e Nicolau Chanterene: virtú e memória na escultura tumular do Renascimento em Portugal" [D. Álvaro da Costa and Nicolau Chanterene: virtú and memory in Portuguese Renaissance funerary sculpture]. In Rosa, Maria de Lurdes (ed.). D. Álvaro da Costa e a sua descendência, séculos XV-XVII: poder, arte e devoção [D. Álvaro da Costa and his descendants, 15th-17th centuries: power, art, and devotion] (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Instituto de Estudos Medievais (IEM) & Centro de História de Além-Mar (CHAM). ISBN 978-989-97066-8-2.

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